Estrogens is a generic term for estrus-producing and are hormones that are important for sexual and reproductive development, mainly in women. These hormones are often referred to as “female” sex hormones, where testosterone is referred to as the “male” hormone. However, both hormones are present and needed in both sexes. The term “estrogen” refers to all of the chemically similar hormones in this group, estrone (E-1), estradiol (E-2), and estriol (E-3).
Estrogen is vital to brain function, to the growth and formation of neutrons and connection. It plays a significant role in nitric oxide production, improving erectile function. The rapid loss of bone after menopause has been attributed to the decline in the production of estrogen which is essential for bone growth. Osteoporotic fractures are one of many of the diseases of aging that result in significant morbidity and mortality. In addition, the loss of estrogen results in the development of heart disease which is the number one killer of both men and women. Estrogen has been shown to lower total blood cholesterol and raise HDL, the good cholesterol, improve insulin sensitivity and increase metabolic rate, help maintain muscle, improve sleep, and increase water content of skin, making it thicker and softer. Hormone replacement therapy helps you regulate your estrogen at optimal levels.
Estrogen is produced mainly in the ovaries, but it is also produced by fat cells and the adrenal gland. Estrogen is involved in the onset of puberty, playing a role in the development of secondary sex characteristics, such as breasts and pubic and armpit hair. Estrogen also helps regulate menstrual cycle, controlling the growth of the uterine lining during the first part of the cycle. If the woman’s egg is not fertilized, estrogen levels decrease sharply and menstruation begins. If the egg is fertilized, estrogen works with progesterone, another hormone, to stop ovulation during pregnancy. Estrogen protects against heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis, and memory disorders. It also protects against vaginal atrophy, urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, prevents symptoms of menopause, and improves overall well-being. Estrogen deficiency results in urogenital atrophy, incontinence, sagging skin, sagging breasts, increased skin wrinkles, fatigue, depression, mood swings and decreased libido, all of which can be corrected by bio-identical hormone replacement therapy.
Estrogen assists in maturation of sperm and has importance for normal male reproduction. Aspects of pubertal development in boys (growth of the long bones, their mineralization and epiphyseal closure) attributed to the actions of androgens are now recognized as being mediated in part by estrogen. The final steps of spermatid maturation, spermiogenesis, appear to be particularly sensitive and dependent upon estrogen. Let hormone replacement therapy help you.